Reference Works

I enjoy contributing to reference works and have been involved in a lot of interesting projects. I have been able to write about my passions, learn about new topics, and work with some great people. My list of articles is below. The online articles are linked directly, and the print editions have a link to the book on the publisher’s website.

“Abernathy, Ralph.” African American Activism and Political Engagement: An Encyclopedia of Empowerment. ABC-Clio, 2023.

“Akaka, Daniel.” Encyclopedia of United States Indian Policy and LawCQ Press, 2009. (Print)

Crazy Horse Memorial, an in-progress representation of the Oglala Lakota leader

“Baron Samedi.” African Religions: Beliefs and Practices through History. ABC-Clio, 2018. (Print)

“Bellamy, Edward.” Religion and Politics in America: An Encyclopedia of Church and State in American Life. ABC-Clio, 2016. (Print)

“The Benefactor.” Dictionary of Literary Characters. Facts on File, 2010. (Print)

Burwell, Sylvia Mathews.” e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia. West Virginia Humanities Council, 2014.

Chambers, John.” e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia. West Virginia Humanities Council, 2021.

Charan, Veena.” Springer Nature Encyclopedia of Domestic Violence. Springer Nature, 2023. (Subscription)

“China War Relief Association.” Chinese Americans: The History and Culture of a People. ABC-Clio, 2015. (Print)

“Coca-Cola.” Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories in American History. ABC-Clio, 2019. (Print)

“Concepción, David.” Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography. Oxford University Press, 2016. (Print)

“Crazy Horse Memorial.” Historic Sites and Landmarks that Shaped America: From Acoma Pueblo to Ground Zero. ABC-Clio, 2016. (Print)

“D-503.” Dictionary of Literary Characters. Facts on File, 2010. (Print)

“Dennett, Mary Ware.” Opposition to War: An Encyclopedia of United States Peace and Antiwar Movements. ABC-Clio, 2018. (Print)

W. E. B. Du Bois, co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

“Dilbert (1989-1995).” Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. Greenwood Press, 2014. (Print)

“Dilbert (1995-Present).” Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. Greenwood Press, 2014. (Print)

“Du Bois, W. E. B.” Religion and Politics in America: An Encyclopedia of Church and State in American Life. ABC-Clio, 2016. (Print)

“Dyke v. Taylor Implement Mfg. Co. (1968).” Encyclopedia of the Fourth Amendment. CQ Press, 2013. (Print)

Eudy, Sid.” Enyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Central Arkansas Library System, 2011.

“Fern Street Settlement.” Encyclopedia of London’s East End. McFarland, 2023. (Print)

Finnbogadóttir, Vigdís.” Nordics.info. Aarhus University, 2021.

“Focus on the Family.” Marriage and Divorce in America: Issues, Trends, and Controversies. ABC-Clio, 2023. (Print)

Gable, Holly M.” Springer Nature Encyclopedia of Domestic Violence. Springer Nature, 2023. (Subscription)

The Gadsden Purchase: Franklin Pierce’s Forgotten Accomplishment.” Franklin Pierce Bicentennial. Louis Karno & Company, 2004.

“Gay, Tyson.” The Kentucky African American Encyclopedia. University Press of Kentucky, 2015. (Print)

“Gerard, Forrest J.” Encyclopedia of United States Indian Policy and Law. CQ Press, 2009. (Print)

“The Good Soldier Svejk.” The Facts on File Companion to the World Novel: 1900 to the Present. Facts on File, 2008. (Print)

Grant, Ulysses S.” Encyclopedia of Oft-Altered, Oft-Misrepresented, and Generally Misunderstood People, Events, and Ideas in American History. TextbookCheck, 2009.

“A Handful of Earth.” Encyclopedia of London’s East End. McFarland, 2023. (Print)

“Hasek, Jaroslav.” The Facts on File Companion to the World Novel: 1900 to the Present. Facts on File, 2008. (Print)

“Hirono, Mazie Keiko.” Japanese Americans: The History and Culture of a People. ABC-Clio, 2017. (Print)

“Hughes, Howard R., Sr.” Energy in American History: A Political, Social, and Environmental Encyclopedia. ABC-Clio, Forthcoming in 2024. (Print)

Hurricane Hugo, a catastrophic 1989 storm, approaches the United States. The storm caused $10 billion in damages.

“Hurricane Hugo.” Disasters and Tragic Events: An Encyclopedia of Catastrophes in American History. ABC-Clio, 2014. (Print)

“I-330.” Dictionary of Literary Characters. Facts on File, 2010. (Print)

“Johnson, John H.” African American Culture: An Encyclopedia of People, Traditions, and Customs. ABC-Clio, 2020. (Print)

“Kalumba.” African Religions: Beliefs and Practices through History. ABC-Clio, 2018. (Print)

“Konesans.” The Voodoo Encyclopedia: Magic, Ritual, and Religion. ABC-Clio, 2015. (Print)

“The Lascar’s Walking-Stick.” Encyclopedia of London’s East End. McFarland, 2023. (Print)

“Lyles, Lenny.” The Kentucky African American Encyclopedia. University Press of Kentucky, 2015. (Print)

“The Man with the Twisted Lip.” Encyclopedia of London’s East End. McFarland, 2023. (Print)

Mazeroski, Bill.” e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia. West Virginia Humanities Council, 2021.

“Mephi.” Dictionary of Literary Characters. Facts on File, 2010. (Print)

War artist C. R. W. Nevinson’s After the Push shows the effects of a battle on the land

“Minnifield, Frank.” The Kentucky African American Encyclopedia. University Press of Kentucky, 2015. (Print)

Miracle on Ice.” MNopedia. Minnesota Historical Society, 2015. Also featured on MinnPost here.

Murphy, Dale.” The Oregon Encyclopedia. Oregon Historical Society, 2015.

Nevinson, C. R. W.” 1914-1918 Online: International Encyclopedia of the First World War. Freie Universität Berlin, 2017.

“O-90.” Dictionary of Literary Characters. Facts on File, 2010. (Print)

“Perry, Cynthia Shepard.” African American National Biography. Oxford African American Studies Center, 2012. (Subscription)

“Poplar Rates Revolt.” Encyclopedia of London’s East End. McFarland, 2023. (Print)

“Poston, Ersa Hines.” The Kentucky African American Encyclopedia. University Press of Kentucky, 2015. (Print)

Puckett, Kirby.” MNopedia. Minnesota Historical Society, 2014. Also featured on MinnPost here.

“R-13.” Dictionary of Literary Characters. Facts on File, 2010. (Print)

“Ramsey, Derrick.” The Kentucky African American Encyclopedia. University Press of Kentucky, 2015. (Print)

“Rollins, Kenny.” The Journal of the Jackson Purchase Historical Society, 2021. (Print) Also digitized by Murray State University here.

“S-4711.” Dictionary of Literary Characters. Facts on File, 2010. (Print)

Hoyt Wilhelm demonstrates the knuckleball that helped him pitch in a then-record 1,070 games and earned him a place in the Hall of Fame

“Shabazz, Betty.” Africa and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History. ABC-Clio, 2008. (Print)

“Shadwell Stair.” Encyclopedia of London’s East End. McFarland, 2023. (Print)

“Stevens, Lillian.” Encyclopedia of Populism in America: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-Clio, 2014. (Print)

“Tarry, Ellen.” Encyclopedia of African American Women Writers. ABC-Clio, 2007. (Print)

“Thoth.” African Religions: Beliefs and Practices through History. ABC-Clio, 2018. (Print)

“U.” Dictionary of Literary Characters. Facts on File, 2010. (Print)

Vera Buch Weisbord’s ‘Radical’ Life.” ConnecticutHistory.org. Connecticut Humanities, 2019.

“Walker, Kenny.” The Kentucky African American Encyclopedia. University Press of Kentucky, 2015. (Print)

“Wheeler, Wayne.” Encyclopedia of Populism in America: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-Clio, 2014. (Print)

Wilhelm, Hoyt.” NCPedia. North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 2014.

Crazy Horse Memorial image licensed under Creative Commons CC0; all other images are in the public domain